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HoKi是什么意思啊

HoKi[新西兰无须鳕]属于鳕的一种,又叫日本红姑鱼(whiptail)或蓝鳕鱼,主要分布在南岛的西海岸,北岛和南岛之间的Cook海峡,从这往东500公里是主要产卵地Chatham Rise。上月初,人造卫星探测到新西兰-欧洲合资捕捞船闯入新西兰无须鳕禁捕区域,渔业部长David Benson-Pope对此发出警告后,并在9月23日宣布了解决措施。他说,据评估显示,新西兰无须鳕储存量处于紧急状态,需采取措施降低允许捕鱼量。新西兰无须鳕西部产卵地仅有13%~22%的原始非捕鱼区。减少允许捕鱼量配额将会恢复新西兰无须鳕储存量,且为尽快恢复新西兰无须鳕储存量提供机会是至关重要的。David Benson-Pope要求从10月起新西兰无须鳕每年允许捕鱼量为10万吨,而不是原来的18万吨。2001年允许捕鱼量为25万吨。海产品是新西兰六大出口商品之一,从今年初到七月就出口了价值11亿新西兰元(7.18亿美元)的海产品。为了保证海产品出口的持续发展,作为海产品的一种,无须鳕允许捕鱼量必须限制。

Hoki (Macruronus novaezealandiae) is New Zealand’s most important commercial fish species. It lives mainly in the middle water depths and is taken by mid-water trawling, usually at depths of around 300 - 600 metres. Most hoki are between 60-100 cm long. Their other names include blue hake, blue grenadier, whiting (incorrectly) and whiptail.

Hoki fishery: Hoki are found throughout New Zealand waters, but the main catching grounds are off the West Coast of the South Island, in Cook Strait, and on the Chatham Rise. New Zealand's hoki fishery is managed by strict quotas, which allow only a set amount of hoki to be taken commercially each year. This Total Allowable Commercial Catch (TACC) was set at 250,010 metric tonnes for the 2000/2001 fishing year.

Hoki exports: Total exports of hoki in the year ended December 2000 were worth $NZ 311 million.The major markets for hoki are the United States and Europe, which together account for over half our exports. Japan and Australia are two other important markets. Virtually all hoki is exported as frozen fillets, frozen blocks of fillets and minced meat.

Hoki meat quality:Hoki flesh is moist, white and delicate, with few bones. It flakes easily and is excellent for forming into fish block. It is also well suited to further processing into a wide range of consumer presentations. In fact you eat it every time you order a Fillet'o'Fish at McDonalds.

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